Makeup and Skin Care For women, acneespecially severe acnecan lead to embarrassment, anxietysocial isolation, and permanent skin scarring. Severe acne can even lower the chances of employment in some industries. Dermatologists have been using birth control pills to treat acne in women for decades. However, only three pills have actually been approved by the FDA for treating acne.
How could oral contraceptives influence cancer risk?
What are oral contraceptives? Oral contraceptives birth control pills are hormone-containing medications that are taken by mouth to prevent pregnancy.
They prevent pregnancy by inhibiting Birth control research and also by preventing sperm from penetrating through the cervix.
By far the most commonly prescribed type of oral contraceptive in the United States contains synthetic versions of the natural female hormones estrogen and progesterone.
This type of birth control pill is often called a combined oral contraceptive. Another type of oral contraceptive, sometimes called the mini pill, contains only progestinwhich is a man-made version of progesterone. What is known about the relationship between oral contraceptive use and cancer?
Nearly all the research on the link between oral contraceptives and cancer risk comes from observational studiesboth large prospective cohort studies and population-based case—control studies.
Data from observational studies cannot definitively establish that an exposure—in this case, oral contraceptives—causes or prevents cancer. Overall, however, these studies have provided consistent evidence that the risks of breast and cervical cancers are increased in women who use oral contraceptives, whereas the risks of endometrialovarianand colorectal cancers are reduced 1 — 3.
Risk declined after use of oral contraceptives stopped, and no risk increase was evident by 10 years after use had stopped 4.
An elevated risk associated with specific triphasic formulations was also reported in a nested case—control study that used electronic medical records to verify oral contraceptive use 7.
Ina large prospective Danish study reported breast cancer risks associated with more recent formulations of oral contraceptives 8.
The risk of breast cancer also increased the longer oral contraceptives were used. Women who have used oral contraceptives for 5 or more years have a higher risk of cervical cancer than women who have never used oral contraceptives.
The longer a woman uses oral contraceptives, the greater the increase in her risk of cervical cancer. However, the risk of cervical cancer has been found to decline over time after women stop using oral contraceptives 10 — Women who have ever used oral contraceptives have a lower risk of endometrial cancer than women who have never used oral contraceptives.
The protective effect persists for many years after a woman stops using oral contraceptives 1214 An analysis of women participating in the prospective NIH-AARP Diet and Health Study found that the risk reduction was especially pronounced in those long-time users of oral contraceptives who were smokers, obese, or exercised rarely This protection has been found to increase with the length of time oral contraceptives are used 13 and to continue for up to 30 years after a woman stops using oral contraceptives A reduction in ovarian cancer risk with use of oral contraceptives is also seen among women who carry a harmful mutation in the BRCA1 or BRCA2 gene 19 — Naturally occurring estrogen and progesterone stimulate the development and growth of some cancers e.
Because birth control pills contain synthetic versions of these female hormones, they could potentially also increase cancer risk. In addition, oral contraceptives might increase the risk of cervical cancer by changing the susceptibility of cervical cells to persistent infection with high-risk HPV types the cause of virtually all cervical cancers.
Researchers have proposed multiple ways that oral contraceptives may lower the risks of some cancers, including: Safety concerns and health benefits associated with oral contraception.
American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology ; 4 Suppl:For one reason or another, many people are looking for a list of birth control alphabetnyc.com different birth control pills are available.
This article provides a list of different birth control pills currently available -- it does not include birth control pills that are no longer made. Breast Cancer: Its Link to Abortion and the Birth Control Pill [MD Chris Kahlenborn] on alphabetnyc.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers.
Based on six years of study and a meticulous analysis of hundreds of scientific papers and other sources. Birth control, also known as contraception and fertility control, is a method or device used to prevent pregnancy.
Birth control has been used since ancient times, but effective and safe methods of birth control only became available in the 20th century. Planning, making available, and using birth control is called family planning.
Some cultures limit or discourage access to birth control. For one reason or another, many people are looking for a list of birth control alphabetnyc.com different birth control pills are available.
This article provides a list of different birth control pills currently available -- it does not include birth control pills . A few common side effects of birth control pills include nausea, spotting between periods, and headache.
Several factors play a role in determining which side effects are likely (or unlikely) to occur, including the strength of the estrogen, the type of progestin, and the dose of progestin. birth control, IUD, STD, Ortho-Novum, Ortho Evra, NuvaRing, Ortho Tri-Cyclen Lo, Yasmin, Ovrette, Seasonale, Seasonique, Milex Wide Seal, Ortho All.