Chronicles of a paradox In the yearon December 1, was celebrated the 30th anniversary of the end of the Earth-Minbari war. Attended to the ceremony the presidency of ISA, the diplomatic and government representatives of the Earth Alliance, of the Minbari federation, and representatives of all the ISA members.
In his influential book The Righteous Mind: Intuition comes first and reasoning follows. Intuition is the reflexive gut feeling of like or dislike we experience in response to the things we see in the social world around us.
In Thinking Fast and Slowpsychologist Daniel Kahneman observed that conscious reasoning requires language, the construction of an argument, and therefore time, so it can happen only after our intuition has already told us whether we approve or disapprove of something.
In their book The Enigma of ReasonHugo Mercier and Dan Sperber argue that the main evolved purpose of reason is to justify our intuitions and to persuade others that our own intuitions are correct. When it comes to social issues that we care about, reason is usually a post hoc rationalization of feelings already felt and decisions already taken.
In other words, it turns out that David Hume was right almost years ago when he said: Reason is, and ought only to be, the slave of the passions, and can never pretend to any other office but to serve and obey them.
So if we really want to get to the bottom of what divides us, we should be taking a deep dive into understanding where our intuitions come from. Proper treatment of any problem requires an accurate diagnosis of its cause.
The reasoning of Left and Right on things like the role of government, taxes, welfare, abortion, and gun control is to the human psyche as a fever is to an infection. Ideology, and everything else, is downstream from psychology. The theory posits a new principle of moral psychology: Psychological profile comes first, intuitions follow.
A Cognitive Theory of Politics can improve our understanding of contemporary political movements, such as the protests happening on college campuses, as well as past movements like the French and American revolutions.
In the United States, the word liberal refers to progressive or left-wing politics, and I will use the word in this sense. But in Europe and elsewhere, the word liberal is truer to its original meaning—valuing liberty above all else, including in economic activities.
When Europeans use the word liberal, they often mean something more like the American term libertarian, which cannot be placed easily on the left-right spectrum. Readers from outside the United States may want to swap in the words progressive or left-wing whenever I say liberal.
My engineering classes and a couple of electives I took in the business school had trained me to look for first principles—something like the prime directives in Star Trek—that could serve as guide stars for everyday decision making.
My first job after leaving college was near Washington, D. So, like any new arrival in the area, I spent my first few weekends exploring the museums. I bought it, read it, and it whetted my appetite for more.
Over the years, in between getting married, buying a house, and raising two kids, I also read: Religion, Politics, and the American Tradition by M. Stanton Evans, Novus Ordo Seclorum: The Idea of America: Will When one reads multiple books on a subject by a variety of authors with different perspectives, common themes tend to emerge.
This is known as consilience, about which Phil Theofanos recently wrote elsewhere in Quillette. If we bear in mind that generalizations about large populations describe statistically significant trends and tendencies, averages and aggregates, overlapping bell curves and not mutually exclusive dichotomies, then one particular trend emerges quite clearly.
At bottom, ideology seems to come down to a kind of faith; a belief in one particular way of thinking as the surest path to moral truth. The Left has a greater tendency to place its faith in abstract reason; the power of the human mind to overcome obstacles and solve problems.
Haidt seemed to be on the same quest to understand the differences between liberalism and conservatism as me, but he approached it from the perspective of psychology rather than history. It seemed to corroborate the conclusions I had reached from my own reading of history.
I explained that I am not a social scientist, but rather an amateur enthusiast who enjoys reading and thinking about these topics, and I explained the convergence of his thinking and mine.
To my surprise and delight he wrote back. He gave me permission to publish our correspondence: I think you have nailed one of the few best candidates for being a single principle that characterizes the lib-con dimension.
As you know, [Thomas] Sowell makes a very compatible case, about why liberals are so prone to dangerous abstractions unmoored from reality. May I ask what your own political leanings are?
I was flattered and, of course, I agreed to do so. My biggest claim to fame to date is that my name appears in the acknowledgments. Smith, and John R.ADMINISTRATION AND PUBLIC MANAGEMENT 17/ Politics-Administration Dichotomy: A Century Debate In this article we review history of the politics-administration dichotomy in.
politics-administration dichotomy, a theoretical model that emphasizes distinct features of public administration vis-à-vis politics.
In Wilson’s () words, public administration “lies outside proponents to embrace a functional and structural division between politics and administration. In recent years, a consensus has been forming about how we reason and develop the opinions we defend.
In his influential book The Righteous Mind: Why Good People Are Divided by Politics and Religion, Jonathan Haidt argued that the first principle of moral psychology is: Intuition comes first and reasoning follows. Intuition is the reflexive gut feeling of like or dislike we experience in.
Politics-Administration Dichotomy: A Century Debate Reza TAHMASEBI1 Wilson’s essay () with title of "The Study of Administration" was not separation of administration from politics was necessary if public administration was to emerge as an autonomous field, an urgent and legitimate attitude at a time.
1. Foreword by David Cameron, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom. Corruption is the cancer at the heart of so many of our problems in the world today.
A concordat is a convention between the Holy See and a sovereign state that defines the relationship between the Catholic Church and the state in matters that concern both, i.e.
the recognition and privileges of the Catholic Church in a particular country and with secular matters that impact on church interests.. According to P.W. Brown the use of the term "concordat" does not appear "until.