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References and Further Reading 1. Knowledge and Justification The foundationalist attempts to answer the question: This question assumes a prior grasp Foundationalism essay the concepts of knowledge and justification.
Before the development of externalist theories of knowledge see entry on internalism and externalism in epistemology it was assumed that knowledge required justification. On a standard conception of knowledge, knowledge was justified true belief.
Thus investigation on foundationalism focused on the structural conditions for justification. The following essay discusses foundationalism in terms of justification see BonJour for a defense of the claim that knowledge requires justification.
Where the distinction between justification and knowledge is relevant for example, weak foundationalismthis article will observe it. What is it for a belief to be justified? Alvin Plantinga observes that the notion of justification is heavily steeped in deontological terms, terms like rightness, obligation, and duty.
A belief is justified for a person if and only if the person is right to believe it or the subject has fulfilled her intellectual duties relating to the belief.
Most accounts of justification assume some form of epistemic internalism. Externalists have a much easier time addressing concerns over foundationalism. Arguments for Foundationalism This section discusses prominent arguments for a general type of foundationalism.
The following essay discusses foundationalism in terms of justification (see BonJour () for a defense of the claim that knowledge requires justification). Where the distinction between justification and knowledge is relevant (for example, weak foundationalism), this article will observe it. In philosophy, there are many ways in which beliefs can be justified, and thus classified as knowledge. All are met with scepticism, which are arguments against the strength of these methods. These scepticisms, if not properly addressed, can make certain justifications seem inadequate, and therefore. The essay shall argue that foundationalism presents itself as a very weak and debate-able theory of epistemic justification for it to be accepted as plausible. The essay shall cite appropriately from researchers and other works, to support its argument.
Section 4on varieties of foundationalism, discusses more specific arguments aimed to defend a particular species of foundationalism. The Regress Argument The epistemic regress problem has a long history.
In the 20th century the regress problem has received new life in the development of the coherentist and infinitist options see BonJour and Kleinrespectively. To appreciate the regress problem begin with the thought that the best way to have a good reason for some claim is to have an argument from which the claim follows.
Thus one possesses good reason to believe p when it follows from the premises q and r. But then we must inquire about the justification for believing the premises. Does one have a good argument for the premises? Then we can inquire about the justification for those premises. Does one have an argument for those claims?
If not, then it appears one lacks a good reason for the original claim because the original claim is ultimately based on claims for which no reason is offered.
If one does have an argument for those premises then either one will continue to trace out the chain of arguments to some premises for which no further reason is offered or one will trace out the chain of arguments until one loops back to the original claims or one will continue to trace out the arguments without end.
We can then begin to see the significance of the regress problem: Does one eventually come back to premises that appeared in earlier arguments or does one eventually come to some ultimate premises, premises that support other claims but do not themselves require any additional support?
Skepticism aside, the options in the regress problem are known as foundationalism, coherentism, and infinitism. Foundationalists maintain that there are some ultimate premises, premises that provide good reasons for other claims but themselves do not require additional reasons.
These ultimate premises are the proper stopping points in the regress argument. Foundationalists hold that the other options for ending the regress are deeply problematic and that consequently there must be basic beliefs. Coherentists and infinitists deny that there are any ultimate premises.Dec 28, · In this essay, I will compare what I see to be a major shortcoming of Foundationalism’s standard for the justification of knowledge, and argue why Coherentism offers a better standard for our inquiry.
Dec 28, · Epistemology is a branch of philosophy that studies the nature of knowledge. Much of this inquiry considers propositional knowledge: a subset of epistemology dealing with factual knowledge and the notions of justified, true, beliefs (JTB), which lead us to make certain conclusions about the attributes of our world.
Free Essay: Foundationalism vs. Coherentism Throughout history, philosophers have been trying to come up with a clear way to provide the justification of our. The essay shall argue that foundationalism presents itself as a very weak and debate-able theory of epistemic justification for it to be accepted as plausible.
The essay shall cite appropriately from researchers and other works, to support its argument. The debate between coherentism and foundationalism is familiar in the literature of epistemology. But neither position has been satisfactorily worked out.
My project is to examine critically a specific type of coherence theory of justification, namely Laurence BonJour's internalist coherentism. The following essay discusses foundationalism in terms of justification (see BonJour () for a defense of the claim that knowledge requires justification).
Where the distinction between justification and knowledge is relevant (for example, weak foundationalism), this article will observe it.