Add the beginning and end.
It must summarize the whole paper and explain its main purpose. Any conclusion consists of a few elements, so you can choose different approaches depending on your agenda and the paper type. We decided to provide you with useful tips on what to do in order to make your conclusion effective, and what to avoid.
Make sure that this part of the conclusion is concise and clear. Usually, the restated topic is only one sentence long. It must be narrowed and focused on your topic.
Summarize main points of your paper Remind your readers your key points. We suggest re-reading the whole body of your paper focusing on the most important arguments and facts. Discuss the significance of your points Note that it may be unnecessary for most papers.
However, in some cases. Most often, you will need to just restate your topic and thesis statement.
Discuss the future of your subject You have to address the future perspective of your research and the considered issue. It may be a suggestion or a call to action. Note that this part of the introduction is not necessary. On the other hand, if your paper addresses some important social issues, the conclusion will only benefit from your thoughts about the possible use of your research and important needs in this area.
Make Your Conclusion Effective Basic synthesis As we have mentioned above, the conclusion must summarize the paper. Provide a basic synthesis of everything stated before.
While rephrasing your topic and thesis statementtry to connect them logically so that your conclusion will sound like a coherent single thought rather than a bunch of random ideas. Keep things together The best structure for a research paper includes an introduction and a conclusion which are linked to each other.
In the introduction, ask a question. When the whole paper is done, restate this question in the conclusion, and provide a clear answer. You can do it in the conclusion section. We suggest using the same images and concepts in both sections.
Logic is important Sometimes your paper may contain many different or even opposite points. The conclusion is a perfect place to form a single clear opinion on your issue.
While restating your thesis statement, tell your readers whether you still believe it or results of the research pushed you to change your opinion. If it seems impossible to give a clear answer now, tell your readers what further research is needed, or what actions may help answer this question in the future.
Ask readers to draw their own conclusions Another way to create an impressive conclusion is to ask your readers instead of providing them with answers.
However, note that such a creative approach may be inappropriate for some kinds of research papers. Your question must be directly related to the central topic and purpose of the paper.
Give a recommendation If you make a call to action, you have to explain what actions you consider the most important or effective. Such words are unnecessary and they sound unnatural. Make sure that your thesis is stated not only in the conclusion but also in the introduction and in the body part of your paper.
Your readers must follow your arguments throughout the entire paper. The introduction is aimed to only summarize what has been written before. Never express concerns about results of your research or your authority.(An MS student might get a first-author publication based in part on a larger research program led by a PhD student.) Before you get to the point of writing you need to .
A good research paper addresses a specific research question. The research question—or study objective or main research hypothesis—is the central organizing principle of the paper.
Whatever relates to the research question belongs in the paper; the rest doesn’t. How to Write a Research Paper. What is a research paper? A research paper is a piece of academic writing based on its author’s original research on a particular topic, and the analysis and interpretation of the research findings.
Social Studies help for American History, Economics and AP Government. There are class notes, numerous Supreme Court case summaries and information on how to write a research paper inside. Welcome to our toolkit for writing research! Using the resources you find here will set you on the right road to writing a great research paper using reporting guidelines.
While writing a reaction paper, remember that this type of paper has two main audiences to address: the referees who assist journal editors in choosing the most appropriate articles for publication and the journal readers themselves who have enough knowledge to grasp the main idea of the article.