Dramatherapy and Psychodrama Definition of Dramatherapy:
Interventions with specific subpopulations As indicated by Gisbert et alet al. This type of intervention focuses on the functioning of persons, improving their personal and social skills and providing support to the different roles undertaken in their social and community lives.
All in all, they aim to improve the quality of life of people affected and their families, supporting their social participation in the community in the most active, normalised and independent possible way. They are organised through an individualised process that combines, on the one hand, training and development of the skills and competences that each person requires to effectively function in the community and on the other hand, actions on the environment.
It includes several aspects that vary from pyschoeducation and advice to families to the development of social supports aimed at offering the necessary aid to compensate or strength the level of psychosocial functioning of chronic mental patients Psychosocial interventions in rehabilitation have gained in operativity Psychodrama review on spontaneity and creativity efficiency with the incorporation of different extrapolated strategies, adapted from the field of psychology, social learning, behaviour modification, social intervention and human resources, including, among others: This series of psychosocial intervention strategies have proved to be efficient in improving the psychosocial functioning of people with SMI and in their adaptation and maintenance in the community Cognitive-behavioural therapys Cognitive-behavioural therapy CBT is a psychological intervention that is based on the hypothesis that cognitive activity determines behaviour.
Many differences can be found when approaching the cognitive aspects, as some of them focus on structures, beliefs or basic cases as the main causal entities of emotions and behaviour 22,23whilst others focus on processes such as problemsolving, cognitive distortions or thought content: Despite these differences, the following characteristics, which they all have in common, can be pointed out: Behavioural change has been mediated by cognitive activities.
In other words, the systematic alteration and identification of disadaptive cognitive aspects will produce the desired behavioural changes. The acceptance of reciprocal determinism between thought, environment and behaviour. The therapy is designed to help people identify, test reality and correct dysfunctional conceptions or beliefs.
Patients are helped to recognise the connections between cognitions, affection and behaviour, together with their consequences, to make them aware of the role of images and negative thoughts on maintaining the problem.
The techniques applied in this approach include cognitive restructuring, problemsolving, self-instructional training, etc. In general, environmental manipulations are used in cognitive-behavioural modification, as in other approaches, but here these manipulations represent information feedback tests or experiments that provide an opportunity for people to question, reassess and acquire self-control over disadaptive behaviour, feelings and cognitions, at the same time as they practice trained skills.
The therapeutic relationship is collaborative and the active role of the client is emphasised Social Skills Training Social skills are understood as the specific response capacities required for effective social performance Social skills, therefore, are a series of behaviours carried out by an individual in an interpersonal context that express feelings, attitudes, desires, opinions or rights of that individual in a way that adapts to the situation, respecting that behaviour in others, and which generally solve the problems of the situation at the same time as they reduce the probability of future problems to a minimum Social skills training consists in behavioural learning techniques that permit people with schizophrenia and other incapacitating mental disorders to acquire an interpersonal handling of the illnesses and independent living skills to improve their functioning in the community The module postulates that social competence is based on a set of three skills:Carl Ransom Rogers (January 8, – February 4, ) was an American psychologist and among the founders of the humanistic approach (or client-centered approach) to alphabetnyc.com is widely considered to be one of the founding fathers of psychotherapy research and was honored for his pioneering research with the Award .
This unique collection explores Moreno's thought in developing psychodrama and sociometry, with his strong emphasis on spontaneity and creativity.
The book discusses both basic and advanced concepts and techniques of psychodramatic alphabetnyc.coms: 3. The psychodrama techniques also encouraged spontaneity and creativity and facilitated the life review process.
The latter encouraged members to resolve old problems and to . Again available! This handy volume collects the best and most important writings of J.L. Moreno in one concise and accessible place. This unique collection explores Moreno's thought in developing psychodrama and sociometry, with his strong emphasis on spontaneity and creativity.
As indicated by Gisbert et alet al. 11 the aim of psychosocial rehabilitation interventions as part of the integral care of people with SMI is to overcome or compensate for the psychosocial and social integration difficulties that these people undergo, giving them support in their daily lives in the community in the most independent and decent .
J L Moreno was the founder of psychodrama, which was developed in Moreno believed in spontaneity and creativity as a way to address life-altering struggles. Moreno's theory was that by encouraging individuals to address problems in a creative way and by reacting spontaneously on impulse, is a way to discover new solutions to their life 4/4(1).