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The idea was to urge Christian warriors to go to Palestine and free Jerusalem and other holy places from Muslim domination Internet Source 1. The first Crusade took place gaits the following historical backdrop.
In the seventh century AD, the Arabs had waged Jihad on the Christian world, conquering and ruling two thirds of it for the next four centuries. At the time of the first Crusade, Western Europe was a collection of competing tribal kingdoms with noble families fighting each other for political dominance.
On the other side of the world, the city of Jerusalem was host to the Church of the Holy Sepulcher. InJerusalem was taken by the Turks and it is alleged that three thousand Christians were massacred. This seems to have started a chain of events which contributed to the cause of the Crusades Internet Source 1.
And bythe military action by Selves Turks on the frontiers of Eastern Christendom threatened the religious and political stability of the region, making the pilgrimage to Jerusalem impossible Towed It is against this background and following a direct appeal for military help from the Byzantine Emperor, that Pope Urban launched the first Crusade on 27 November at the Council of Claremont in France.
He however provides no reason for such an assertion. According to Hag To provide the Byzantine Empire with the necessary reinforcements to drive he Selves Turks out of Asia Minor and to avenge wrongs committed by the Turks.
He was probably hoping that in return, the Orthodox Church would acknowledge the supremacy of Rome and that the unity of Christendom would be restored; to stop the imminent danger to France posed by the infidel Moslems; to rescue the holy lands of Palestine from Moslems who had invaded, depopulated, pillaged and set on fire these lands.
It was reported that Christians had been nearly exterminated, with a few survivors taken as slaves after being mercilessly tortured.
Churches had been either stored or appropriated after the aggressors destroyed or defiled the altars. It is possible that some of the Crusade warriors may have been motivated by personal greed for lath, desire for fame on their return, or hope of finding a better way of life away from famine and warfare that was occurring in France.
On the other hand, this writer contends that other warriors must have genuinely felt it their Christian duty to come to the aid of their fellow brothers and sisters in the Lord in the spirit of solidarity. Therefore, the reports are probably only very approximate ideas of what the Pope actually said.
On the other hand, Hag Also, it looks to me that the Pope took it as his divine duty to forcibly remove from the holy places of Jerusalem those who had profaned them, similar to the way Jesus drove the money changers from the holy Temple.
The Pope promised the warriors immediate entry to heaven if they died on The Crusade, doing away with any necessity of penance after death McCullough These papal grants are unquestionably similar to the later papal indulgences that were a bone of contention by Martin Luther during the Reformation.
However, it seems that the warriors believed The Crusades to be a spiritual war to purify their souls of sin. For why else would a person risk everything by traveling to a distant land were they may never return?
The first Crusade was a major success and lasted from It established the Latin Kingdom of Jerusalem. Eight further Crusades followed. The second one failed n their attempt to take the city of Damascus. The fourth crusade led to the sacking of Constantinople, where a Latin Kingdom of Byzantium was set up in Other less disastrous Crusades occurred until about the end of the thirteenth century.
The last Latin outpost in the Muslim world fell in Towed These Crusades still have a significance for Christianity today. The Crusades demonstrated the role, wealth and the power of the Catholic Church in influencing and achieving great results at the world stage.
The Pope was entrusted with the armies and other resources of Christendom to execute The Crusades. The first Crusade had the effect of uniting the participating countries, binding them together in a single super army to defend their common heritage and religion against a common enemy.
This paradigm of co-operation is much evident in the world-wide ecumenical work. The Christian Church can speak with one clear voice on issues of poverty, war and injustice. This wealth was responsible for building magnificent cathedrals and educational institutions that are still in existence today.
Church wealth also fostered missionary activities all over the world, resulting in substantial spiritual and social benefits that are evident in many nations today. In relation to politics and religion, it appears to me that the religious freedoms and diversity that the West and many parts of the world enjoy today are due to The Crusades.
If Europe had not stood together, large swathes of the continent and the rest of the world would have been under Islamic political and religious rule, without any plurality of religion at all.
There would be no Christian America either.
It is frightening to imagine what the political and religious landscape of the world would be today if The Crusades did not happen.Just as important was their role in bringing pilgrims to and from the Holy Land. Now that the holy places were in Christian hands, many thousands of westerners could visit the sites and, as they came under Latin control, religious communities flourished.
Thus, the basic rationale behind the Crusades was fulfilled. Watch video · The Crusades were a series of religious wars between Christians and Muslims started primarily to secure control of holy sites considered sacred by both groups.
In all, eight major Crusade. The Real Significance of the Crusades David Byrne Sometimes the story goes like this: The Catholic Church attacked the Holy Land in and relations between Christians and Muslims have been poisoned ever since.
The Crusades spread Christianity, expanded the territories of many European countries, increased trade, spread knowledge and began an era of persecution and war against non-Christians that continued with the Inquisition.
Paul Cobb: Chronologically, Muslim sources differ from the Christians because they don’t recognize the Crusades. They recognize the events we call the Crusades today simply as another wave of.
What significance do they still have for Christianity today? What should contemporary Christians learn from them?
In this essay, this writer will give a brief account of The Crusades, demonstrate the significance they still have for Christianity today and what lessons contemporary Christians should learn from them.