Benedict Cumberbatch as the voice of the dragon Smaugas well as The Necromancera mysterious sorcerer residing in Dol Guldur with the ability to summon the spirits of the dead.
Several of his poems had been published in magazines and small collections, including Goblin Feet  and The Cat and the Fiddle: His creative endeavours at this time also included letters from Father Christmas to his children—illustrated manuscripts that featured warring gnomes and goblinsand a helpful polar bear —alongside the creation of elven languages and an attendant mythology, including the Book of Lost Taleswhich he had been creating since These works all saw posthumous publication.
AudenTolkien recollects that he began work on The Hobbit one day early in the s, when he was marking School Certificate papers. He found a blank page. Suddenly inspired, he wrote the words, "In a hole in the ground there lived a hobbit.
Lewis  and a student of Tolkien's named Elaine Griffiths. Originally this world was self-contained, but as Tolkien began work on the Lord of the Rings, he decided these stories could fit into the legendarium he been working on privately for decades.
Eventually those tales of the earlier periods became published as The Silmarillion and other posthumous works. Influences[ edit ] One of the greatest influences on Tolkien was the 19th-century Arts and Crafts polymath William Morris.
Tolkien wished to imitate Morris's prose and poetry romances,  following the general style and approach of the work. The Desolation of Smaug as portraying dragons as detrimental to landscape, has been noted as an explicit motif borrowed from Morris.
These include, among other things, a hidden runic message and a celestial alignment that direct the adventurers to the goals of their quests. The latter tale may also have influenced the character of Beorn.
Themes from Old English literatureand specifically from Beowulfshape the ancient world Bilbo stepped into. Tolkien, a scholar of Beowulf, counted the epic among his "most valued sources" for The Hobbit. Other specific plot elements and features in The Hobbit that show similarities to Beowulf include the title thief, as Bilbo is called by Gollum and later by Smaug, and Smaug's personality, which leads to the destruction of Lake-town.
In using his elf-blade Bilbo finally takes his first independent heroic action. By his naming the blade " Sting " we see Bilbo's acceptance of the kinds of cultural and linguistic practices found in Beowulf, signifying his entrance into the ancient world in which he found himself.
As Tolkien wrote, "The episode of the theft arose naturally and almost inevitably from the circumstances. It is difficult to think of any other way of conducting the story at this point. I fancy the author of Beowulf would say much the same. Houghton Mifflin of Boston and New York reset type for an American edition, to be released early inin which four of the illustrations would be colour plates.
Numerous English-language editions of The Hobbit have been produced by several publishers. In response Tolkien provided drafts for The Silmarillion, but the editors rejected them, believing that the public wanted "more about hobbits".
In the first edition of The Hobbit, Gollum willingly bets his magic ring on the outcome of the riddle-game, and he and Bilbo part amicably.
The encounter ends with Gollum's curse, "Thief! We hates it, we hates it, we hates it forever! Tolkien sent this revised version of the chapter "Riddles in the Dark" to Unwin as an example of the kinds of changes needed to bring the book into conformity with The Lord of the Rings, but he heard nothing back for years.
When he was sent galley proofs of a new edition, Tolkien was surprised to find the sample text had been incorporated. He abandoned the new revision at chapter three after he received criticism that it "just wasn't The Hobbit", implying it had lost much of its light-hearted tone and quick pace.
Tolkien took the opportunity to align the narrative even more closely to The Lord of the Rings and to cosmological developments from his still unpublished Quenta Silmarillion as it stood at that time.
However, because of its common denotation of a garden gnomederived from the 16th-century ParacelsusTolkien abandoned the term. In The Annotated Hobbit, Douglas Anderson provides the text of the published book alongside commentary and illustrations.
Later editions added the text of " The Quest of Erebor ". Anderson's commentary makes note of the sources Tolkien brought together in preparing the text, and chronicles the changes Tolkien made to the published editions. The text is also accompanied by illustrations from foreign language editions, among them work by Tove Jansson.
Rateliff provides the full text of the earliest and intermediary drafts of the book, alongside commentary that shows relationships to Tolkien's scholarly and creative works, both contemporary and later. Rateliff provides the abandoned s retelling and previously unpublished illustrations by Tolkien.While The Hobbit was by no means the first fantasy novel, it was among the first to combine influences from multiple sources.
Elements of the book draw from Norse mythology, classic fairy tales, Jewish literature, and the works of 19th century Victorian children's authors such as George MacDonald (author The Princess and the Goblin, among others).
This free synopsis covers all the crucial plot points of The Hobbit. Your book-smartest friend just got a makeover. Our most popular lit guides now have twice as much helpful stuff, including writing guides, expanded quotes, and updated quick quizzes.
Tell us what you think! The Hobbit, or There and Back Again is a children's fantasy novel by English author J.
The Hobbit is a film series consisting of three high fantasy adventure films directed by Peter alphabetnyc.com are based on the novel The Hobbit by J. R. R. Tolkien, with large portions of the trilogy inspired by the appendices to The Return of the King, which expand on the story told in The Hobbit, as well as new material and characters written especially for the films. The Hobbit, or There and Back Again is a children's fantasy novel by English author J. R. R. alphabetnyc.com was published on 21 September to wide critical acclaim, being nominated for the Carnegie Medal and awarded a prize from the New York Herald Tribune for best juvenile fiction. The book remains popular and is recognized as a classic in children's literature. alphabetnyc.com "The hobbit," a story of adventure and danger is a prime example of a romantic plot, and fantasy genre. What makes this story such a great example of a romantic plot? One, the unlikely hero, Mr. Bilbo Baggins is a hobbit that is dragged on an adventure he doesn't wish to take.
alphabetnyc.com was published on 21 September to wide critical acclaim, being nominated for the Carnegie Medal and awarded a prize from the New York Herald Tribune for best juvenile fiction.
The book remains popular and is recognized as a classic in children's literature. This book revolves around Bilbo Baggins, who makes goes on an adventure. He is a hobbit and therefore this book's title is The Hobbit. Themes. 1. This uniquely constructed cob hut was crafted by sculptor Miguel Elliott of Living Earth Structures, and is one of a kind.
The thick walls provide natural insulation, keeping it cool in summer and warm in winter. The Hobbit is the first published novel by J.R.R. Tolkien set in Middle-earth. The book was first published on September 21, and is set in the years to of the Third Age before the events of The Lord of the Rings.
J.R.R. Tolkien wrote The Hobbit (as well as the first two books of.