Throughthe data lor debt are year-end figures and the corresponding value for GDP is for Q4 at an annual rate; the final observation is for Excludes securities held as investments of federal government accounts. With its credit needs remaining substantial, the Treasury continued to borrow heavily over the second half of The increase in the Treasury's net borrowing last year caused the ratio of publicly held debt to nominal GDP to rise for the first time since
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Agriculture, forestry, and fishing Agriculture is the largest sector of the Haitian economy, employing roughly two-thirds of the labour force but accounting for only about one-fourth of the gross domestic product GDP.
Although only one-fifth of the land is considered suitable for agriculture, more than two-fifths is under cultivation.
Major problems include soil erosion particularly on mountain slopes, which are seldom terracedrecurrent drought, and an absence of irrigation.
Many farmers concentrate on subsistence crops, including cassava maniocplantains and bananas, corn maizeyams and sweet potatoes, and rice.
Some foodstuffs are sold in rural markets and along roads. Haitian farmers sell it through a system of intermediaries, speculators, and merchant houses. Sugarcane is the second major cash crop, but since the late s Haiti has been a net importer of sugar. Deforestation in Haiti is a serious problem that began with a high need for fuel for processing sugarcane during the French colonial period and continues to the present day with an intensified demand for charcoal for fuel in Port-au-Prince and other urban areas.
Political instability and poor funding have been serious obstacles to efforts to reduce dependency on forests for fuel. A number of large-scale reforestation projects have been planned, but they have been postponed because of social and political unrest and the urgent need to fund other infrastructure projects.
Goats and cattle are the most common livestock, with smaller numbers of pigs and horses.
There is some poultry production. This deprived many peasants of their only asset, although other pig breeds were subsequently imported as replacements.
Traditionally, Haitians have not exploited their fishing resources; because of the postindependence practice of living in the interior—away from the threat of a French invasion—Haitians have depended on agriculture rather than fishing for subsistence.
There are some fisheries, however, in small ponds and various canals throughout Haiti. Although most fishing boats are small and poorly equipped, the potential for a commercial fishing industry does exist: Resources and power Gold and copper are found in small quantities in the north of the country.
There are bauxite aluminum ore deposits on the southern peninsula, but large-scale mining there was discontinued in Hydroelectricity provides roughly half of the power generated in the country, the remainder coming from thermal mainly coal-fired plants, especially in Port-au-Prince.
However, the power supply is not sufficient to satisfy current needs, and the main sources of energy for cooking are firewood and charcoal.
Manufacturing The small domestic market, the lack of natural resources, and internal instability have constrained the growth of manufacturing.97 / A High Proportion of the Labor Force in Agriculture, 97 / A High Proportion of Output in Agriculture, 97 / Inadequate Technology and / North–South Interdependence, / Capital Inﬂows, Asians are subsequently establishing enterprises that compete globally.4 billion.
with $6. multimedia.. employers or other contacts. Moreover. The outlook for the labor market also showed improvement. Those anticipating more jobs in the months ahead increased from % to %, while those who see fewer jobs was down to % from %.
However, the villages in the south of the district are older and relied on dry agriculture and tangential pastoralism. In Tursunzade District, villages along the Sherkent pre-date the Soviet Union and are irrigated because of the lower grade of the Sherkent Valley.
Labor Markets in Asia Issues and Perspectives Edited by Jesus Felipe and Rana Hasan Labor Markets in Asia This page intentionally left blank Labor Markets in Asia.
United States Department of Agriculture Food and Nutrition Service In accordance with Federal law and U.S. Department of Agriculture policy, this institution is prohibited from discriminating on the basis of race, color, national origin, sex, age, or disability.
Project background: Increasing area of underutilised/abandoned agriculture land in Nepal is a becoming a challenge in the midst of national agenda of poverty alleviation and increased food and nutrition security as impacted by decreasing labor force in agriculture production system vis-a- vis institutional setup and policy gap to curtail.